Due to climate change Brabant will experience more occasions of extreme rainfall, this will cause water problems downstream. Furthermore, farmers on the higher grounds will face drought. This was noticed during the hot and dry summer of 2018. In the past, the high sandy soils (including forest and heath) used to retain a lot of water, the so called the ‘sponge effect’. The water infiltrated more easily because it was slowed down by for example hedgerows and small ditches. More water was kept in the soil as a result of a high amount of organic matter in it.